Is Python Hard To Learn? How To Start Learning Python From The Scratch?

by Mahmud Kabir - October 2, 2023 No Comments 7:45 pm

Are you intrigued by the world of coding and considering taking your first steps into programming? Python, a versatile and widely used programming language, often emerges as a top choice for beginners. The question that looms for many aspiring programmers is: “Is Python hard to learn?” 

No, Python is easy to learn. In fact, it’s often considered one of the most beginner-friendly programming languages due to its simple and readable syntax. Whether you’re new to coding or have experience, Python’s ease of use makes it accessible and enjoyable to learn.

This article delves into that very query, debunking myths and outlining a strategic approach to commence your Python learning journey from scratch. 

Table of Contents

Is Python Hard To Learn

Is Python Hard To Learn

No, Python is often seen as one of the easiest programming languages to learn. Different from the common misconception, mastering Python is a manageable task. It is considered more straightforward to grasp than HTML, a markup language. While learning any programming language demands effort, Python stands out as a less intimidating option.

The language’s popularity has surged while more complex ones like Java have waned. Python streamlines the compilation process, making it a wise choice for beginners. Its grammar closely resembles English, facilitating an intuitive grasp of the language.

Seasoned programmers often find Python’s syntax intuitive, with code reaching plain English after mastering the fundamentals. Moreover, Python’s concise nature means that tasks require fewer lines of code than other languages.

How Long Does It Take to Learn Python?

How Long Does It Take to Learn Python

The time it takes to learn Python varies based on several factors. For someone entirely new to programming, achieving fluency in Python may take around six to twelve weeks with dedicated study and practice.

If you have some prior programming experience, becoming competent in Python might take approximately 3-6 months as an intermediate learner. For those with substantial programming expertise, Python fluency can be attained in 1-3 months as an advanced learner.

However, additional time is needed to transition from learning Python to establishing a career as a Python developer. This could range from six months to a year, considering the need to build a portfolio, gain practical experience, and learn related technologies and frameworks.

Ultimately, the learning duration is highly individual, influenced by your background, learning style, and the specific goals you have in mind.

Is Math Needed To Learn Python?

Actually, a strong foundation in mathematics is optional to learn Python. If you were proficient in basic arithmetic during your fourth-grade education, you’re in good shape to learn Python. Learning to code is akin to acquiring a new language.

Although written code may contain numerals, they are not used for calculations. If numbers aren’t your strong suit, don’t let that deter you from delving into coding.

Learning Python is more akin to understanding and interpreting text, akin to language comprehension. While mathematical skills are beneficial and advantageous in programming, they are not a prerequisite. Programming primarily involves reading and comprehending text to write logical and functional code. Although skills in calculus and algebra can be transferable and advantageous for programmers, they are by no means mandatory for learning and excelling in Python.

Read More Similar Post: Why Is Python So Popular?

What Are Some Popular Applications Built Using Python?

Web Development:

Django: A high-level web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.

Flask: A lightweight web framework that is great for small to medium-sized applications.

Scientific and Numeric Computing:

NumPy: A fundamental package for scientific computing with Python, supporting arrays, matrices, and mathematical functions.

Pandas: A powerful data analysis and manipulation library, particularly with large datasets.

SciPy: A library used for scientific and technical computing, providing functions for optimization, linear algebra, integration, and more.

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence:

TensorFlow and Keras: Popular libraries for deep learning and neural network development.

PyTorch: A widely used open-source machine learning library known for its dynamic computation graphs.

Scikit-learn: A machine learning library that provides simple and efficient data analysis and modeling tools.

Data Visualization:

Matplotlib: A comprehensive library for creating static, animated, and interactive visualizations in Python.

Seaborn: A statistical data visualization library built on Matplotlib provides an attractive and informative statistical graphics interface.

Desktop GUI Applications:

Tkinter: The standard Python interface to the Tk GUI toolkit, often used to create desktop applications with graphical user interfaces.

Game Development:

Pygame: A cross-platform set of Python modules designed for writing video games.

Network Servers and Networking Tools:

Twisted: An event-driven network programming framework.

Requests: A popular HTTP library for making requests and working with APIs.

Automation and Scripting:

Selenium: A tool for controlling web browsers through programs and performing browser automation.

Fabric: A library and command-line tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks.

Finance and Trading:

Quantlib: An open-source quantitative finance library for modeling, trading, and risk management.

Content Management Systems (CMS):

Plone: An open-source CMS built on top of the Zope application server.

How to Learn Python Development from The Scratch?

How to Learn Python Development from The Scratch

Learning Python from scratch can be an exciting and rewarding journey, whether you’re a complete beginner or have some programming background.

Python is known for its simplicity and versatility, making it an excellent choice for aspiring developers. Here are eight comprehensive steps to help you learn Python development from the ground up.

Step 1: Understand the Basics of Programming

To begin your journey into Python development, it’s essential to grasp fundamental programming concepts.

Learn about variables, data types, operators, control flow (loops and conditionals), functions, and basic input/output. Familiarize yourself with how a program’s code structure and logic operate.

Step 2: Set Up Your Development Environment

Setting up a conducive development environment is crucial. Install Python on your computer, easily downloadable from the official Python website.

Choose a code editor such as Visual Studio Code, PyCharm, or Jupyter Notebook for writing and running Python code.

Step 3: Start with Python Fundamentals

Begin by learning the basics of Python syntax, including:

  • Variables and Data Types: Understand data types like integers, floats, strings, lists, tuples, and dictionaries.
  • Operators: Learn about arithmetic, comparison, logical, and assignment operators.
  • Control Flow: Master loops (for, while) and conditional statements (if, Elif, else).
  • Functions: Understand how to define, call, and work with functions.

Practice writing simple programs to solidify these fundamentals.

Step 4: Dive into Advanced Python Concepts

Once you have a grasp of the basics, delve into more advanced topics:

  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOP): Learn about classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation.
  • Error Handling: Understand exceptions and how to handle errors gracefully.
  • Modules and Packages: Learn how to organize your code into modules and packages for better maintainability and reuse.
  • File Handling: Understand reading from and writing to files.

Step 5: Explore Python Libraries and Frameworks

Python has an extensive ecosystem of libraries and frameworks that enhance productivity and enable specialized tasks. Familiarize yourself with some essential ones:

  • NumPy and Pandas: for data analysis and manipulation.
  • Django and Flask: for web development.
  • Matplotlib and Seaborn: for data visualization.
  • TensorFlow and PyTorch: for machine learning and deep learning.

Step 6: Work on Real Projects

The best way to solidify your knowledge is through hands-on experience. Start small by building simple applications and gradually take on more complex projects. GitHub and platforms like Kaggle provide many project ideas and datasets to work on.

Step 7: Engage in the Python Community

Join Python communities and forums like Stack Overflow,, or Reddit’s r/learnpython. Engage with fellow learners and experienced developers. Participate in discussions, ask questions, and contribute to open-source projects.

Step 8: Continuous Learning and Improvement

Python is constantly evolving with new updates, features, and libraries. Stay updated with the latest trends, read blogs, watch tutorials, and consider online courses to deepen your understanding and improve your skills continually.

Tips for Effective Learning:

  • Consistency is Key: Dedicate a consistent amount of time daily to learning Python. This regularity will help reinforce your understanding.
  • Practice, Practice, Practice: Apply your knowledge by solving coding challenges on platforms like LeetCode, HackerRank, or Codecademy.
  • Seek Guidance: Feel free to seek guidance or mentorship from experienced Python developers. Learning from others’ experiences can be immensely valuable.
  • Review and Reflect: Review what you’ve learned and reflect on your progress. Identify areas for improvement and focus on strengthening them.

The Most Challenging Parts of Mastering Python for Machine Learning

The Most Challenging Parts of Mastering Python for Machine Learning

Mastering Python for machine learning (ML) is an exciting but challenging journey. The difficulties one faces in learning Python for ML can vary based on prior programming experience and familiarity with the Python language. Here are some of the most challenging aspects learners encounter:

Transitioning To Python From Other Languages:

If you’re already familiar with other programming languages, adjusting to Python’s syntax, rules, and unique features can be challenging. Each language has its quirks, and unlearning habits from previous languages and adopting Pythonic approaches can take time.

Understanding Python’s Principles:

Understanding Python’s fundamental principles is essential for beginners new to coding. Concepts like variables, data types, control flow, and functions are the building blocks of Python. Mastering these concepts is crucial before venturing into machine learning.

Practical Application Of Skills:

Theoretical knowledge of Python differs from using it effectively in practical applications, especially in machine learning. Applying Python to solve real-world ML problems requires hands-on experience and practice, which can be challenging for newcomers.

Dealing With Error Handling And Debugging:

Errors are inevitable, while coding and debugging can be one of the most frustrating aspects. Identifying and fixing mistakes efficiently, especially in machine learning, where complex algorithms are involved, is a significant challenge.

Understanding Machine Learning Concepts:

Machine learning involves complex algorithms, mathematical models, and statistical concepts. Understanding these at a deep level can be challenging, particularly if you are new to these concepts. The theoretical understanding required for effective ML programming is a hurdle for many learners.

Optimizing Performance And Efficiency:

Python is known for its ease of use, but ensuring optimal performance and efficiency in ML applications can be challenging. Optimizing algorithms and code for better speed and memory usage is a skill that takes time and experience to develop.

Data Handling And Preprocessing:

In ML, handling and preprocessing data is a significant part of the workflow. Understanding how to manipulate and preprocess data efficiently in Python for use in ML models can be complex, mainly when dealing with large and diverse datasets.

Keeping Abreast Of Rapid Technological Advancements:

The field of machine learning is constantly evolving. New libraries, frameworks, and techniques are regularly introduced. Keeping up with these advancements and understanding how to incorporate them into your Python-based ML projects is a continuous challenge.

General Advantages Of Python Development

General Advantages Of Python Development

Here are eight key advantages of Python:

Versatility and Ease of Use:

Python is exceptionally versatile and easy to read, learn, and write. Its simple and readable syntax, resembling plain English, makes it an ideal choice for beginners and experienced programmers. The ease with which Python code can be understood and written enhances productivity and accelerates development.

User-Friendly Data Structures:

Python provides built-in, user-friendly data structures like lists, tuples, dictionaries, and sets that simplify data manipulation and management. These efficient data structures contribute to effective programming and help in solving complex problems.

Abundant Third-Party Modules:

Python boasts a vast ecosystem of third-party modules and libraries, offering ready-to-use solutions for various tasks. These modules extend Python’s functionality, making it efficient and powerful, allowing developers to leverage existing code and accelerate development.

Portability and Interactivity:

Python is portable across various operating systems, making it highly adaptable. It provides

  • an interactive programming environment,
  • allowing developers to test and execute code line by line,
  • making it an excellent tool for prototyping and experimentation.

Open Source and Active Community:

Being open source, Python is freely available, and its source code can be modified and redistributed. The language benefits from a large and active community, fostering collaboration, support, and the continual enhancement of the language. The community actively contributes to developing libraries, frameworks, and tools, enriching the Python ecosystem.

Object-Oriented and Procedural Programming:

Python supports object-oriented and procedural programming paradigms, providing flexibility and scalability in coding. Developers can choose the approach that best suits their project requirements, enhancing code organization, reuse, and maintainability.

Efficiency and Extensive Libraries:

Python’s clean object-oriented design and extensive support libraries significantly enhance process control and code efficiency. Libraries like NumPy for numerical calculations, Pandas for data analytics, and others streamline specific tasks, allowing developers to focus on building robust applications.

Dynamically Typed Language:

Python is dynamically typed, meaning the data type of a variable is inferred based on the value assigned to it. This eliminates the need to mention data types explicitly, simplifies the coding process, and enhances code flexibility.

What Else Makes Python Different?

Python stands out for numerous reasons, contributing to its immense popularity and extensive use across various domains. Here are some key aspects that make Python different and appealing:

Broad Application Spectrum:

Python’s vast applicability spans from small side projects to large-scale online services. It is a versatile language suitable for various applications, from web development to scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. The richness of its library ecosystem and extensive file extensions contribute to its versatility and usefulness.

Dominance in AI and Machine Learning:

Python’s computation prowess and ability to handle various tasks have made it a go-to language for machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) development. Python offers libraries and frameworks like TensorFlow, PyTorch, and sci-kit-learn, empowering developers to create and experiment with AI algorithms efficiently.

Platform Agnosticism:

Python is a platform-agnostic language, ensuring seamless execution across various operating systems, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. This flexibility ensures that Python is not tied to any specific operating system, widening its reach and user base.

Popularity and Recognition:

Python has gained immense popularity and recognition, consistently ranking high in programming language lists. It topped IEEE Spectrum’s 2018 list of the top programming languages. This recognition has contributed to a thriving community of developers and a rich ecosystem of libraries and tools.

Open Source and Accessibility:

Python’s open-source nature makes it freely accessible to anyone from its official website. This fosters a sense of inclusivity and allows for continuous improvement and expansion of its features by the community. The open-source model has been pivotal in Python’s growth and evolution.

Simplicity and Learnability:

Python’s simplicity is a remarkable feature. It has a straightforward and clear syntax, resembling plain English, which significantly aids in its ease of learning. Python’s lack of complex language grammar and extensive standards make it a language that can be picked up quickly, making it an attractive choice for both beginners and experienced developers.

Overview of Python Development Job Sector

Python, a versatile and widely used programming language, has seen a surge in demand within the job market. As of 2022, it is the third most in-demand language among recruiters, highlighting its significance in the tech industry. This overview delves into the Python development job sector, exploring its demand, market value, salaries, and varied job positions.

Demand and Recognition

Python’s increasing popularity is evident in its demand within the job market. Employers value Python programmers with skills such as proficiency in frameworks like Django or Flask, cloud platform experience, data manipulation and analysis knowledge, and AI and machine learning expertise. Its versatility for web development, data analytics, artificial intelligence, and more places Python in high demand across various industries.

Market Value and Growth

Python’s impact extends to the market value of the sectors it serves. While assessing the global market size can be challenging because Python is a freely available language, sectors like data analytics, where Python is extensively utilized, are expected to be worth a substantial 655.5 billion by 2029. This underlines the significant role Python plays in driving growth and innovation within these sectors.

Salaries in Python Development

Salaries in Python-related roles vary based on the specific position and region. A software developer’s average wage in the United States is $110,000 annually. The demand for software developers is predicted to rise by 22% between 2019 and 2029, reflecting the flourishing job market.

For Python developers, the median annual salary is reported to be £84,277, according to Indeed, while data scientists, also frequently using Python, earn an average of $42000 per year, according to PayScale.

Diverse Salary Ranges

Python-related occupations showcase a broad spectrum of salary ranges. The salaries are diverse, mirroring the varied job positions and industries where Python is applied. According to IT Jobs Watch in the United Kingdom, a Python developer commands an average yearly compensation of £62,000. These diverse salary ranges demonstrate the adaptability and demand of Python across numerous professional domains.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Python Suitable For Beginners?

Yes, Python is highly suitable for beginners. Its simple and readable syntax, vast community, and extensive learning resources make it one of the most beginner-friendly programming languages. Learning Python provides a smooth entry into the world of programming.

Do I Need A Programming Background To Learn Python?

No, a programming background is not necessary to learn Python. Many beginners start with Python as their first programming language. Python’s intuitive and English-like syntax allows beginners to grasp concepts quickly, making it accessible to those without programming experience.

How Long Does It Typically Take To Learn Python?

The time it takes to learn Python varies based on factors like prior programming experience, learning pace, and the depth of understanding desired. Beginners can achieve a basic knowledge of Python in a few weeks. However, mastering Python and becoming proficient may take several months of consistent learning and practice.

Are There Good Learning Resources Available For Python?

Absolutely. Python has many high-quality learning resources, including online tutorials, documentation, video courses, and interactive platforms. These resources cater to learners of all levels, offering a structured and comprehensive approach to learning Python.

What Makes Python Stand Out From Other Programming Languages?

Python’s simplicity, versatility, and readability set it apart from many other programming languages. Its ability to handle various tasks, from web development to data analysis and machine learning, makes it a go-to language for many professionals. Python’s extensive standard library and vibrant community also contribute to its popularity.

Is Python Used Only For Specific Applications Or Industries?

No, Python is used across a broad spectrum of applications and industries. It finds applications in web development, data analysis, scientific computing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, scripting, and more. Its versatility allows it to be employed in diverse fields, making it a valuable skill.

Finally, What kinds of jobs can I get with Python?

Mastering Python opens doors to a variety of rewarding careers. You can become a Python developer responsible for creating applications, websites, or software.

You’ll design and implement machine learning models and systems as a machine learning engineer. Python’s role in data analysis and science makes it a key tool for data analysts and scientists, aiding in data interpretation and decision-making. 

As a product manager, Python expertise allows you to understand the technical aspects of the products you’re managing, facilitating better communication with development teams. Python’s versatility means it’s utilized in domains like web development, artificial intelligence, automation, scientific computing, and more. 

Its wide range of applications ensures a diverse job market, providing ample opportunities for those proficient in Python. Whether you envision yourself as a developer, data scientist, or AI specialist, mastering Python is a valuable step toward achieving your career aspirations.

About The Author

Dedicated creator and storyteller with a passion for crafting compelling narratives. A perpetual learner, finding inspiration in every experience. Enthusiast of technology, art, and the great outdoors. Striving to make a positive impact through creativity. Believer in kindness, the power of words, and the magic of a good book.

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